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  1. Remains of the oldest Forum building, the Temple of Saturn.  Source: Yasonya / Adobe Stock

    For a thousand years, the Roman Forum was the epicenter of the Roman Empire. This symbolic center, known as the ‘umbilicus Romae’ housed the ‘miliarium aureum’, the golden milestone from which all distances were measured. The Forum, initially a marshy valley used as a cemetery, evolved into a political, economic, and religious hub as Rome grew. Drained and paved in the 7th century BC, it became the site of monumental structures like the Regia and the Temple of Vesta.

    The Forum's transformation continued under Julius Caesar and Augustus. Caesar reoriented the Forum, adding new structures, while Augustus rebuilt key buildings, shifting its focus from economic activity to imperial celebration. Subsequent emperors followed suit, enhancing the Forum’s grandeur with structures such as the Arch of Septimius Severus and the Temple of Concordia Augusta.

  2. Excavation at the La Draga archaeological site as of June 2024.	Source: Archaeology Museum of Catalonia

    During the most recent excavation season at the Neolithic settlement of La Draga in northeastern Catalonia, archaeologists unearthed a significant set of wooden ruins that provide new insights into the architectural design strategies and construction methods of the ancient inhabitants of this historically important site.

    The discoveries included several wooden planks and other structural elements that would have supported houses and possibly other buildings as well. This is according to a statement issued by the Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution, which has helped sponsor the La Draga excavations.

    New Neolithic Construction Secrets Revealed in Catalonia

    First discovered in 1990 near the shores of the Lake of Banyoles in the city of Banyoles, La Draga is the only prehistoric lakeside settlement that has ever been found on the Iberian Peninsula. The site was occupied between 5,290 and 5,200 BC, and then again between 5,100 and 4,800 BC (the occupation was interrupted for 100 years by flooding).

  3. A marine archaeologist holds up intact glass vessels.	Source: Regional Historic Museum Burgas

    In June 2024, an extensive underwater archaeological survey was carried out in Chengene Skele Bay, near the city of Burgas, Bulgaria. The expedition explored five distinct areas within the bay, revealing a wealth of artifacts and historical insights.

    Unearthing the Glass Vessel Cache

    One of the most intriguing discoveries was in an area previously known for its fragments of glass objects. Situated at a depth of 2 to 2.5 meters (6.6 to 8.2 feet), this 15-decare (3.7-acre) stony-bottomed zone yielded dozens of new whole and fragmented glass vessels, reports the Burgas Regional Historical Museum.

    Funded by the Municipality of Burgas and organized by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas, this significant exploration aimed to uncover the submerged historical treasures of the bay.

    Building on finds from 2020 and 2021, the team Led by Prof. Dr. Ivan Hristov from the National History Museum, unearthed 112 new glass items, adding to the already significant collection of 310 vessels. These artifacts are believed to date back to the Late Ottoman period, potentially originating from a workshop on the island of Murano, Venice, in the late 16th or early 17th century.

  4. A modern Pagan Wiccan altar set up.

    Magic is one of the aspects that can be found in many of the groups that are part of the movement known collectively as Modern Paganism. According to practitioners of magic within the movements of Modern Paganism, magic is something real, and not merely a figment of one’s imagination. Nevertheless, there is no ‘one size fits all’ definition of what magic is. Several different views of magic are available, and it is up to a practitioner to decide which of these best suits him / her.

  5. Excavation of Anglo-Saxon remains at The Old Bell.  Source: Cotswold Archaeology

    Archaeologists have unearthed burials dating back over 1,000 years in the garden of The Old Bell Hotel in Malmesbury, Wiltshire. These Anglo-Saxon remains, which include 24 skeletons and material related to several other individuals, are dated between 670 and 940 AD. The discovery has provided significant physical evidence of the early monastic community linked to Malmesbury Abbey.

    Abbey’s Early Days: Middle Saxon to the Golden Age

    The find was made last year during a routine machine-watching assignment, required as part of the planning conditions for new construction at the hotel. The remains of Anglo-Saxon men, women, and children were discovered in the hotel’s grounds, which are adjacent to Malmesbury Abbey. These findings are particularly noteworthy as they pertain to the abbey's earliest days when it was first established as a monastery.

    Paolo Guarino, Assistant Publications Manager and Malmesbury resident said in a press release by Cotswold Archaeology:

    “We knew from historical sources that the monastery was founded in that period, but we never had solid evidence before this excavation. The discovery includes remains from the Middle Saxon period, marking the first confirmed evidence of 7th to 9th century activity in Malmesbury.”

    These burials offer new insights into the functioning of Malmesbury Abbey during its golden age when it was a leading center of scholarship in Western Europe.

  6. AI image of Roman military with war elephants.

    Theutilization of animals in ancient warfare is a fascinating subject that underscores the ingenuity and adaptability of early civilizations in our past. Throughout history, animals have been indispensable allies in battles, offering strength, speed, and unique tactical advantages that often determined the outcomes of major conflicts. From the war elephants of the Indian subcontinent to the cavalry horses of the Mongol Empire, animals have shaped the strategies,logistics, and overall conduct of warfare. And they also show how man always rose to be at the top of the evolutionary tree - finding use for virtually every animal around him. 

  7. Lady Jane, from the ‘My Lady Jane’ trailer. 	Source: Jonathan Prime/Prime Video

    John Reeks/The Conversation

    The long Tudor century (1485-1603) lasted 42,947 days and Lady Jane Grey reigned for nine of them.

    Jane’s cousin, the sickly boy-king Edward VI, named her heir to keep Protestantism alive. However, she ultimately proved nothing more than a minor inconvenience to his Roman Catholic sister Mary, who benefited from widespread popular acceptance of her own dynastic legitimacy.

    To most historians, therefore, Jane is a footnote at best. And while she has received some recent attention from scholars, the shortness of Jane’s reign means that their focus tends to be more on how she has been presented by others.

    My Lady Jane, Amazon Prime’s new historical fantasy, is based on the novel of the same name by Cynthia Hand, Jodi Meadows and Brodi Ashton. The real and fictional Janes are both exceptionally bright, though instead of religion and ancient languages we see talents in herbalism and medicine – both unsettled by the prospect of becoming queen. That is, however, where the similarities end.

    The setting for My Lady Jane isn’t so much a “reimagined” Tudor world as an entirely fictitious alternate reality. This allows the creators to do something completely unimaginable for historians: make Jane the center of the story.

  8. The site of Tava-tepe where the walls and artifacts	Source: Israel Antiquities Authority

    Archaeologists have uncovered intriguing secrets of a Biblical city situated in the 'Promised Land,' where the Israelites settled after their exodus from Egypt under Moses' leadership (roughly 1446 BC according to the Hebrew Bible). Their findings include stone walls, pottery, and other artifacts that date back over 3,200 years from Zanoah, a city mentioned in the Old Testament.

    According to the Bible, the Israelites arrived in the Promised Land, or Canaan, around 1406 to 1407 BC after wandering for 40 years in the desert. Among the uncovered artifacts is a broken jar handle inscribed with Hebrew text meaning “belonging to the king”(of Judah), lending further credence to the Biblical narrative of Moses, according to a press release by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), who’d carried out the research and excavation.

    The jar handle bearing a ‘lmlk’ stamp impression meaning “belonging to the king” in Hebrew text. (Israel Antiquities Authority)

  9. Aerial image of the partially excavated site at Tava-tepe, with the ritual table center	Source: GaRKAP/CAMNES

    Archaeologists from the University of Catania have made a groundbreaking discovery in the ancient settlement of Tava-tepe, located in the Agstafa district of Azerbaijan. This 3500-year-old site, dating back to the Late Bronze Age, has yielded a remarkably well-preserved and distinctive ritual table with ceramic tableware still in situ, offering new insights into the customs and daily life of the nomadic communities that once traversed this region.

    The Significance of Tava-tepe

    Tava-tepe is believed to have served as a vital resting point for nomadic people journeying between the Kura River basin and the Caucasus Mountains, reports Azerbaijan State News Agency, Azertac. The site’s strategic location likely made it an important stopover, providing shelter and a place for communal activities.

    Excavations at the site have unveiled a concentric-circle earthen structure that includes a kitchen area and a ritual table, complete with ceramic utensils. This discovery sheds light on both the social and ritualistic practices of the ancient inhabitants, with evidence of habitation ranging from the Late Bronze Age to the Middle Iron Age (ca 1500-600 BC).

  10. King Arthur by Charles Ernest Butler.	Source:	 Public Domain

    King Arthur's legend, a cornerstone of Western literature, traces its origins back approximately 1,200 years. The first recorded mention appears in the "Historia Brittonum," a document penned around 830 AD, which recounts battles between the Britons and the Anglo-Saxons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain. However, this was written centuries after the events it describes. The Arthurian legends familiar today began to take shape in the 12th century through Geoffrey of Monmouth's writings, with further development occurring in France during the Middle Ages.

    The historical authenticity of King Arthur remains debated. Some historians suggest Arthur may be based on a real figure, though identifying which historical king inspired the legend is challenging. Two notable figures often cited are Ambrosius Aurelianus and Alfred the Great.

    Ambrosius Aurelianus, a leader during the late fifth and early sixth centuries, is credited with significant resistance against the Saxons. His life, set against the backdrop of the post-Roman Dark Ages, remains largely undocumented. Gildas the Wise, a near-contemporary source, described Ambrosius as a noble-born Christian who played a crucial role in the Battle of Badon, though his direct involvement is uncertain.